Wednesday, 5 December 2007

Critical Anaylsis on technology in journalism

Karl Marx said "The windmill gives you society with the feudal lord: the steam mill, society with the industrial capitalist."
Technology and policy revolutions can often be portrayed as the same, but then again this isn't always so. They often change links to the radical fiscal and political changes. Back in 1980's there was decentralisation and the 1990's globalisation came about. This is called the Neophiliacs versus pessismists.
Johannes Gutenberg's printing press was developed in 1448 and in 1476 William Caxton introduced the press to England, these were the Mercurius Aulicus-1643, Publick Intelligencer-1655 and London Gazette-1702.
All the first metal printing presses were made in 1800, then in 1814 the Koenig steam press was introduced, which was the production of 1000 per hour instead of 250 per hour. So therefore quite popular.
Then cam along the social and commercial consequences, which included the industrialisation of the press itself and also other innovations then led to extensive capital costs such as: in 1860's the machine compositing, 1880's the enhamcement of the paper mills and then in 1886 the invention of linotype, which then increase literacy as print became more and more cheaper.
In the 1830's there was a development of the telegraph and different standards of communication. This was called 'the Victorian internet'. In 1844 there was the introduction to the great Morse code, therefore this enabled fast communication with extended European empires with the help of the establishment of news agencies in the mid 19th century. The agencies were Reuters and Havas.
The late 90's newspapers were embracing on the fact of the web coming into force. this was more successful than any other group at that time. This could then open up different sources of outside definers.
Reuters were established with the pre-dates within the web in 1851. By 1991, they then had 200,000 terminals with news-based information which was then worth just over $640 billion, this was strongly linked the financial markets. Gerald Long said: "If someone assassinates the Amercian president, it that general or market news?"
The information was an overload, and we may even be willing to pay for less news now but the early hype about the web...will it make everyone a publisher?
Then again, setting up a home page, doesn't always make us publishers. Some new technologies enable us to make us multi-skilled 'entrepreneurail journalists', this also reduces some to status of the date-inputters.
Transnational networks have created a few problems within the national regulators. There are companies that have contributed to the development of the cyberspace world.

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